Nerdbux

Friday, November 30, 2012

Microsoft Surface Tablet Computer


http://amzn.to/Yy4ZJ7


Acer Iconia W700P-6821 Tablet comes with these high level Specs: 3rd Generation Intel Core i5-3317U Processor, Windows 8 Pro, 11.6" Full HD 1920 x 1080 resolution high-brightness (350-nit) Acer CrystalBrite LED-backlit TFT LCD, 10-Point multi-touch screen, supporting finger touch and image auto rotatio, Intel HD Graphics 4000 with 128MB of dedicated system memory,
Courtesy: Amazon.com
Optimized Dolby Home Theater v4 audio enhancement, 4096MB of DDR3 On-Board System Memory, 128GB Solid State Drive, Acer Invilink Nplify 802.11a/b/g/n Wi-Fi Certified, Bluetooth 4.0+HS, 5MP Rear-facing HD camera, Front-facing HD camera, 1 - USB 3.0 Port, 1 - Micro-HDMI out with HDCP support, 3-Cell Li-Polymer (4850 mAh) Battery, Up to 9-hours Battery Life, Two-year International Travelers Limited Warranty, 2.09 lbs. | 0.95 kg (tablet only) - INCLUDES Docking Cradle and Bluetooth Keyboard

Microsoft Surface Tablet

http://amzn.to/Xd1mZI


Surface to Windows RT is supported by the ARM processor and NVIDIA Tegra is confirmed by three quad-core processors. Has a size of 10.6 inch HD touchscreen ClearType, micro HDMI video output. For storage media have been equipped with a 32GB of internal storage and comes with a USB 2.0 interface and microSD card slot, and supports WiFi connectivity with 2 × 2 MIMO antenna. It measures just 9.3mm thick and weighs 676g. Running Windows RT, this model comes pre-loaded with Office 15 applications. The tablet is equipped with 31.5 W package-hour battery life.
Courtesy: Amazon.com
·        Made with VaporMg, Surface is precision crafted to be tough yet elegant, without excessive bulk. At less than 1.5 pounds, with a watch-like finish that's incredibly smooth, and durable, Surface is a delight to hold and touch.
·        Bring your entire media collection with you wherever you go. A microSDXC card slot lets you add up to 64 GB of extra storage. Show off everything on the big screen using the HD video out port. Full-size USB port and Bluetooth 4.0 provide clutter-free connections with wireless mice and headsets. Dual 2x2 MIMO antennas provide reliable internet connectivity.
·        Work anywhere, anytime with Windows RT and Office 2013 RT2. Keep tabs on news, friends, and entertainment with pre-loaded Microsoft apps. Visit the Windows Store3 to discover more apps and games.
·        Capture life from all sides with LifeCam. The rear camera is angled to shoot straight ahead when the Kickstand is flipped out. The Kickstand also enables hands-free Skype video chat or recording. Custom lens design and an ambient light sensor maximize light intake while providing sharp focus so you'll never miss a shot.
·        Integrated Kickstand provides uncompromised support and flexibility. Flip out the Kickstand for hands-free entertainment. Whether you're watching a movie, or shooting video, Surface stands on its own.

Thursday, November 29, 2012

Dell D620 Laptop Duo Core with Windows XP


http://amzn.to/VgHpjb

The Amazon.com Store Card is issued by GE Capital Retail Bank. If you have questions about the Amazon.com Store Card, call 1-866-634-8379, available 24 hours a day. The Amazon.com Store Card can be used for any purchase at Amazon.com with the exception of Amazon Prime memberships, digital newspaper and magazine subscriptions, and games and software downloads.

Courtesy : Amazon.com


1. Note: To immediately use your card to place an order to an address that is not currently on your Amazon.com account, please add the address to your Amazon.com account before applying for the Amazon.com Store Card. To add an address, visit the Address Book.
2. No Annual Fee: As of June 1, 2012 variable Standard purchase APR is 25.99%. Minimum interest charge is $1.50.

3. 6-Month Financing Offer: No interest if paid in full within 6 months. Interest will be charged to your account from the purchase date if the promotional balance is not paid in full within 6 months. Minimum monthly payments required. Offer is subject to credit approval. Applies to any order total of $149 or more made between 09/30/12 and 12/31/12 on an Amazon.com Store Card account. 1-Click and phone orders do not apply to this promotion. Items sold on Amazon.com by third party sellers qualify for this offer. No interest will be assessed on the promotional purchase if you pay the following (the "promotional balance") in full within 6 months: (1) the promotional purchase amount, and (2) any optional debt cancellation charges related to the promotional purchase. If you do not, interest will be assessed on the promotional balance from the date of the purchase. Regular account terms apply to non-promotional purchases and, after this promotion ends, to your promotional purchases. For new accounts: Standard variable purchase APR is 25.99%. Minimum interest charge is $1.50. The APR is accurate as of 09/30/12 and will vary with the market based on the Prime Rate (as defined in your credit card agreement). Existing cardholders should see their credit card agreement for their applicable terms.

4. 12-Month Financing Offer: No interest if paid in full within 12 months. Interest will be charged to your account from the purchase date if the promotional balance is not paid in full within 12 months. Minimum monthly payments required. Offer is subject to credit approval. Applies to any order total of $599 or more made between 09/30/12 and 12/31/12 on an Amazon.com Store Card account. 1-Click and phone orders do not apply to this promotion. Items sold on Amazon.com by third party sellers qualify for this offer. No interest will be assessed on the promotional purchase if you pay the following (the "promotional balance") in full within 12 months: (1) the promotional purchase amount, and (2) any optional debt cancellation charges related to the promotional purchase. If you do not, interest will be assessed on the promotional balance from the date of the purchase. Regular account terms apply to non-promotional purchases and, after this promotion ends, to your promotional purchases. For new accounts: Standard variable purchase APR is 25.99%. Minimum interest charge is $1.50. The APR is accurate as of 09/30/12 and will vary with the market based on the Prime Rate (as defined in your credit card agreement). Existing cardholders should see their credit card agreement for their applicable terms.

5. 24-Month Financing Offer: No interest if paid in full within 24 months. Interest will be charged to your account from the purchase date if the promotional balance is not paid in full within 24 months. Minimum monthly payments required. Offer is subject to credit approval. Applies to any order total that includes an advertised eligible product sold by Amazon.com made between 09/30/12 and 12/31/12 on an Amazon.com Store Card account ("Qualifying Purchase"). 1-Click and phone orders do not apply to this promotion. Any purchase of products sold on Amazon.com by third-party sellers do not count as a Qualifying Purchase but may receive the benefit of this offer if on the same order as a Qualifying Purchase. No interest will be assessed on the promotional purchase if you pay the following (the "promotional balance") in full within the required promotional period: (1) the promotional purchase amount, and (2) any optional debt cancellation charges related to the promotional purchase. If you do not, interest will be assessed on the promotional balance from the date of the purchase. Depending on the length of the promotional period and the amount of the promotional purchase, the required minimum payment may pay off the promotional purchase before the end of the promotional period. Regular account terms apply to non-promotional purchases and, after this promotion ends, to your promotional purchases. For new accounts: Standard variable purchase APR is 25.99%. Minimum interest charge is $1.50. The APR is accurate as of 09/30/12 and will vary with the market based on the Prime Rate (as defined in your credit card agreement). Existing cardholders should see their credit card agreement for their applicable terms.

6. Zero Fraud Liability: You will not be held liable in the event of unauthorized use. You agree that unauthorized use does not include use by a person to whom you have given authority to use the Account or Card and that you will be liable for all use by such a person.

Dell D620 Laptop Duo Core with Windows XP


http://amzn.to/VgHpjb


The Amazon.com Store Card is issued by GE Capital Retail Bank. If you have questions about the Amazon.com Store Card, call 1-866-634-8379, available 24 hours a day. The Amazon.com Store Card can be used for any purchase at Amazon.com with the exception of Amazon Prime memberships, digital newspaper and magazine subscriptions, and games and software downloads.


Courtesy: Amazon.com

1. Note: To immediately use your card to place an order to an address that is not currently on your Amazon.com account, please add the address to your Amazon.com account before applying for the Amazon.com Store Card. To add an address, visit the Address Book.

2. No Annual Fee: As of June 1, 2012 variable Standard purchase APR is 25.99%. Minimum interest charge is $1.50.
3. 6-Month Financing Offer: No interest if paid in full within 6 months. Interest will be charged to your account from the purchase date if the promotional balance is not paid in full within 6 months. Minimum monthly payments required. Offer is subject to credit approval. Applies to any order total of $149 or more made between 09/30/12 and 12/31/12 on an Amazon.com Store Card account. 1-Click and phone orders do not apply to this promotion. Items sold on Amazon.com by third party sellers qualify for this offer. No interest will be assessed on the promotional purchase if you pay the following (the "promotional balance") in full within 6 months: (1) the promotional purchase amount, and (2) any optional debt cancellation charges related to the promotional purchase. If you do not, interest will be assessed on the promotional balance from the date of the purchase. Regular account terms apply to non-promotional purchases and, after this promotion ends, to your promotional purchases. For new accounts: Standard variable purchase APR is 25.99%. Minimum interest charge is $1.50. The APR is accurate as of 09/30/12 and will vary with the market based on the Prime Rate (as defined in your credit card agreement). Existing cardholders should see their credit card agreement for their applicable terms.

4. 12-Month Financing Offer: No interest if paid in full within 12 months. Interest will be charged to your account from the purchase date if the promotional balance is not paid in full within 12 months. Minimum monthly payments required. Offer is subject to credit approval. Applies to any order total of $599 or more made between 09/30/12 and 12/31/12 on an Amazon.com Store Card account. 1-Click and phone orders do not apply to this promotion. Items sold on Amazon.com by third party sellers qualify for this offer. No interest will be assessed on the promotional purchase if you pay the following (the "promotional balance") in full within 12 months: (1) the promotional purchase amount, and (2) any optional debt cancellation charges related to the promotional purchase. If you do not, interest will be assessed on the promotional balance from the date of the purchase. Regular account terms apply to non-promotional purchases and, after this promotion ends, to your promotional purchases. For new accounts: Standard variable purchase APR is 25.99%. Minimum interest charge is $1.50. The APR is accurate as of 09/30/12 and will vary with the market based on the Prime Rate (as defined in your credit card agreement). Existing cardholders should see their credit card agreement for their applicable terms.

5. 24-Month Financing Offer: No interest if paid in full within 24 months. Interest will be charged to your account from the purchase date if the promotional balance is not paid in full within 24 months. Minimum monthly payments required. Offer is subject to credit approval. Applies to any order total that includes an advertised eligible product sold by Amazon.com made between 09/30/12 and 12/31/12 on an Amazon.com Store Card account ("Qualifying Purchase"). 1-Click and phone orders do not apply to this promotion. Any purchase of products sold on Amazon.com by third-party sellers do not count as a Qualifying Purchase but may receive the benefit of this offer if on the same order as a Qualifying Purchase. No interest will be assessed on the promotional purchase if you pay the following (the "promotional balance") in full within the required promotional period: (1) the promotional purchase amount, and (2) any optional debt cancellation charges related to the promotional purchase. If you do not, interest will be assessed on the promotional balance from the date of the purchase. Depending on the length of the promotional period and the amount of the promotional purchase, the required minimum payment may pay off the promotional purchase before the end of the promotional period. Regular account terms apply to non-promotional purchases and, after this promotion ends, to your promotional purchases. For new accounts: Standard variable purchase APR is 25.99%. Minimum interest charge is $1.50. The APR is accurate as of 09/30/12 and will vary with the market based on the Prime Rate (as defined in your credit card agreement). Existing cardholders should see their credit card agreement for their applicable terms.

6. Zero Fraud Liability: You will not be held liable in the event of unauthorized use. You agree that unauthorized use does not include use by a person to whom you have given authority to use the Account or Card and that you will be liable for all use by such a person.

Dell D620 Laptop Duo Core with Windows XP

Dell D620 Laptop Duo Core with Windows XP

http://amzn.to/VgHpjb

The Amazon.com Store Card is issued by GE Capital Retail Bank. If you have questions about the Amazon.com Store Card, call 1-866-634-8379, available 24 hours a day. The Amazon.com Store Card can be used for any purchase at Amazon.com with the exception of Amazon Prime memberships, digital newspaper and magazine subscriptions, and games and software downloads.


1. Note: To immediately use your card to place an order to an address that is not currently on your Amazon.com account, please add the address to your Amazon.com account before applying for the Amazon.com Store Card. To add an address, visit the Address Book.
2. No Annual Fee: As of June 1, 2012 variable Standard purchase APR is 25.99%. Minimum interest charge is $1.50.

3. 6-Month Financing Offer: No interest if paid in full within 6 months. Interest will be charged to your account from the purchase date if the promotional balance is not paid in full within 6 months. Minimum monthly payments required. Offer is subject to credit approval. Applies to any order total of $149 or more made between 09/30/12 and 12/31/12 on an Amazon.com Store Card account. 1-Click and phone orders do not apply to this promotion. Items sold on Amazon.com by third party sellers qualify for this offer. No interest will be assessed on the promotional purchase if you pay the following (the "promotional balance") in full within 6 months: (1) the promotional purchase amount, and (2) any optional debt cancellation charges related to the promotional purchase. If you do not, interest will be assessed on the promotional balance from the date of the purchase. Regular account terms apply to non-promotional purchases and, after this promotion ends, to your promotional purchases. For new accounts: Standard variable purchase APR is 25.99%. Minimum interest charge is $1.50. The APR is accurate as of 09/30/12 and will vary with the market based on the Prime Rate (as defined in your credit card agreement). Existing cardholders should see their credit card agreement for their applicable terms.

4. 12-Month Financing Offer: No interest if paid in full within 12 months. Interest will be charged to your account from the purchase date if the promotional balance is not paid in full within 12 months. Minimum monthly payments required. Offer is subject to credit approval. Applies to any order total of $599 or more made between 09/30/12 and 12/31/12 on an Amazon.com Store Card account. 1-Click and phone orders do not apply to this promotion. Items sold on Amazon.com by third party sellers qualify for this offer. No interest will be assessed on the promotional purchase if you pay the following (the "promotional balance") in full within 12 months: (1) the promotional purchase amount, and (2) any optional debt cancellation charges related to the promotional purchase. If you do not, interest will be assessed on the promotional balance from the date of the purchase. Regular account terms apply to non-promotional purchases and, after this promotion ends, to your promotional purchases. For new accounts: Standard variable purchase APR is 25.99%. Minimum interest charge is $1.50. The APR is accurate as of 09/30/12 and will vary with the market based on the Prime Rate (as defined in your credit card agreement). Existing cardholders should see their credit card agreement for their applicable terms.

5. 24-Month Financing Offer: No interest if paid in full within 24 months. Interest will be charged to your account from the purchase date if the promotional balance is not paid in full within 24 months. Minimum monthly payments required. Offer is subject to credit approval. Applies to any order total that includes an advertised eligible product sold by Amazon.com made between 09/30/12 and 12/31/12 on an Amazon.com Store Card account ("Qualifying Purchase"). 1-Click and phone orders do not apply to this promotion. Any purchase of products sold on Amazon.com by third-party sellers do not count as a Qualifying Purchase but may receive the benefit of this offer if on the same order as a Qualifying Purchase. No interest will be assessed on the promotional purchase if you pay the following (the "promotional balance") in full within the required promotional period: (1) the promotional purchase amount, and (2) any optional debt cancellation charges related to the promotional purchase. If you do not, interest will be assessed on the promotional balance from the date of the purchase. Depending on the length of the promotional period and the amount of the promotional purchase, the required minimum payment may pay off the promotional purchase before the end of the promotional period. Regular account terms apply to non-promotional purchases and, after this promotion ends, to your promotional purchases. For new accounts: Standard variable purchase APR is 25.99%. Minimum interest charge is $1.50. The APR is accurate as of 09/30/12 and will vary with the market based on the Prime Rate (as defined in your credit card agreement). Existing cardholders should see their credit card agreement for their applicable terms.

6. Zero Fraud Liability: You will not be held liable in the event of unauthorized use. You agree that unauthorized use does not include use by a person to whom you have given authority to use the Account or Card and that you will be liable for all use by such a person.

Sunday, November 11, 2012

Nokia Lumia 800 black 16GB -FACTORY UNLOCKED

http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B0067M9JBQ?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creativeASIN=B0067M9JBQ&linkCode=xm2&tag=onliomni-20

Nokia N8 Unlocked GSM Touchscreen Phone Featuring GPS with Voice Navigation and 12 MP Camera--U.S. Version with Warranty (Gray)

http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B003ZX7RL4?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creativeASIN=B003ZX7RL4&linkCode=xm2&tag=onliomni-20

Samsung Galaxy S III/S3 GT-I9300 Factory Unlocked Phone - International Version (Pebble Blue)

http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B007VCRRNS?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creativeASIN=B007VCRRNS&linkCode=xm2&tag=onliomni-20

Blackberry Torch 9800 Unlocked Phone with 5 MP Camera

http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B0034THXTK?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creativeASIN=B0034THXTK&linkCode=xm2&tag=onliomni-20

BlackBerry Bold 9780 Unlocked Cell Phone with Full QWERTY Keyboard

http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B004343W5E?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creativeASIN=B004343W5E&linkCode=xm2&tag=onliomni-20

Friday, November 9, 2012

Organic Farming Guideline for Green Perspectives & A Case of Kazi & Kazi Tea Estate Limited



Organic Farming Guideline for Green Perspectives & A Case of Kazi & Kazi Tea Estate Limited



http://www.amazon.com/Organic-Farming-Guideline-Green-Perspectives/dp/3659228370/ref=sr_1_3?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1352486669&sr=1-3&keywords=Md.+Shafiqul+Islam

Organic Farming Guideline for Green Perspectives: A Case Of Kazi & Kazi Tea Estate Limited


Organic Farming Guideline for Green Perspectives: A Case of Kazi & Kazi Tea Estate Limited


http://www.amazon.com/Organic-Farming-Guideline-Green-Perspectives/dp/3659228370/ref=sr_1_3?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1352486669&sr=1-3&keywords=Md.+Shafiqul+Islam

Microsoft Office Home & Student 2010 - 3PC

http://amzn.to/S5jkFJ

Microsoft Office Home & Business 2010 Product Key Card- 1PC/1User

http://amzn.to/Rp8qwd

Microsoft Office Home & Business 2010 - 2PC/1User

http://amzn.to/YYLjN3

Microsoft Windows 8 Pro

http://amzn.to/VXNbkU

Microsoft Office Home & Student 2010

http://amzn.to/Zea1bq

Thursday, November 8, 2012

50'' LCD 1080p HDTV with WiFi Adapter 50'' LCD 1080p HDTV with WiFi Adapter

50'' LCD 1080p HDTV 50'' LCD 1080p HDTV

46'' Widescreen 1080p LCD HDTV 46''

32'' Widescreen 720p LCD HDTV 32''

IOttie One-Touch Windshield Dashboard Car Mount Holder

Kindle Keyboard 3G

Monday, November 5, 2012

Sunday, November 4, 2012

Friday, October 5, 2012

Online Resources

Online Resources

Online Resources are imperative for information professionals, educators, students, researchers as well as information seekers which can be availed on the web/net. Online Resources can be owned with payment/fee or free of cost. Online Resources can be in different formats, books, journals, reports, magazine, periodical, serial, case study, pamphlets etc.).

Online Resources users need to be knowledgeable on how to search find out and use online resource. Uses of online resource are growing rapidly worldwide which are convenient and time-saving. Academic Library (especially in college & university) or Information Center is one of the service providers of Online Resources.





Sunday, September 23, 2012

Library and Computer Application


Library and Computer Application

Computer is one of the most powerful tools to solve problems that involve in computation and data processing. Mechanization of library house-keeping (house-keeping means activities related to acquisition of library resources, classification, cataloging, resources circulation/issue & return, serial control, stock verification, resources maintenance etc.) operations and other activities predominantly done by computer is known as library automation. Library automation is also known as Library Management Software. Software may be package software or customizable software.

Library automation is used to refer to the use of computer to render of the routine/traditional works as well as some new technology oriented features of the modern library, such as:

1) Acquisition
2) Cataloging
3) Serial control
4) Circulation (borrowing & return)
5) Information retrieval
6) Automatic indexing
7) Resource sharing (through networks)
8) Online interactive system
9) Online catalog search for library holdings
10) Online reading of library resources/holdings

Again application of computer in library can be categorized to the following:

1) Supporting clerical functions which are related to technical and circulation work
2) Information storage, retrieval and dissemination
3) Supporting Management Information System (MIS) for library professionals, particularly in analyzing library statistics, preparing reports etc.

Computer application in library services makes the library more end-users friendly. It helps to provide services quickly to the users as well as saves times for both, users/information seekers and services providers.

Saturday, September 22, 2012

Book Description



Book Description


Book Description

Book Description means the brief discussion of a particular book about its title, author, publisher, edition (print/online or both editions), year of publication, copyright, contents, subject area covered, ISBN, binding (paperback/hardcover), price (domestic price & international price plus dispatch fare) etc.

Book Description is prepared and circulated to inform and create a center of attention of its potentials buyers/customers as well as to establish bond of mutual trust and respect between customer and publisher & bookseller.

Thus Book Description helps to increase the sales of book products and assists customer to find his/her required book without facing any difficulty. Book Description is a time saver for both (bookseller plus customer).




Abstract (Summary of a Journal Article)



Abstract (Summary of a Journal Article)


Abstract

Abstract is a brief summary of a project (article/journal article/research article, thesis, review, research report, performance, service project, conference proceeding etc.) instead of full text paper/article that briefly describes the content and scope of project and identifies its (project’s) objective, methodology, finding, result and conclusion. Abstract appears at the beginning of a manuscript.

Abstract length may be varied by discipline and publisher’s requirement. Length of an abstract typically ranges from 100 to 500 words. Standard abstract consists with 100 to 150 words.

Part of an Abstract

Abstract is quite brief summary and should have the following sections/parts. Each section is typically a single sentence and there is room for extension.

1) Motivation
2) Statement of Problem/Research Issue
3) Approach/Method
5) Results/Findings and
5) Conclusion and Recommendation 

Writing an efficient abstract is very hard work. Efficient abstract helps people/readers to read one’s publication with increased interest. We have to include all the components of an efficient abstract.




Friday, September 21, 2012

Journal Article


Journal Article

A journal article is a publication/part of a journal which is published in a particular journal. Journal article usually has a moderate rigid structure that is determined by the particular journal. Journal article mostly follows format of abstract, introduction, methods, results, discussion and conclusion.
A journal article will include and follow:

1) A journal article states the result of original research work
2) A journal article is written by scholar, scientist, professional or other expert
3) A journal article is written for readers of scholar, scientist, professional or other expert
4) A journal article is peer-reviewed &
5) A journal article is published in a scholarly journal in format of  print/online or both (print & online)

In the area of sciences, a journal article is sometimes called a Scientific Article, a Peer-Reviewed Article or a Scholarly Research Article. Journal article in a particular field is often referred to as Literature altogether. Journal article is most often Primary Research Article. Journal article has different aim and requirement as well as a journal article describes a new tool or method.

Scholarly journal article is written by professional people who are specialized in specific fields.  It shows the new avenue in the society for development as well as human welfare.

Thursday, September 20, 2012

Journal & Periodical and Magazine


Journal & Periodical and Magazine

Journal

A journal is a scholarly publication which contains articles, written by researcher, professor and other expert. Journal focuses on a specific discipline or field of study. Unlike newspaper and magazine, journal is intended for academic or technical readers, not general readers.

Most journal articles are followed:

1) Article is peer reviewed
2) Article has original research ground on specific discipline, sub discipline or field of study
3) Article focuses on current developments/development of existing article in new focus/area
4) Article cites other works and has bibliographies
5) Article/content (its quality) is controlled by an editor or an editorial board
6) Article is generally written with more technical language by expert in the subject
7) Article/journal can be print/ online or both in edition

Journal is published on a regular basis (as quarterly, biannually or annually) and is sequentially numbered. Each copy is an issue and a set of issues makes a volume (usually, each year is a separate volume and sometimes two volumes may be published in an issue for a particular reason). Like magazine and newspaper, journal is also called periodical or serial.

Periodical

Periodical is a serial publication with its own distinctive title which contains a mix of articles, editorials, reviews, columns, short stories, poems or other works, written by more than one contributor with an interval of less than a year.

Magazine

Magazine is a periodical with a popular focus, aiming the general public and it contains news, personal narratives, and opinions. Magazine uses vocabulary which is understandable to most people and often has lots of eye-catching illustrations. Magazine publishes advertisements to meet up it cost.
Academic Journal

An academic journal is a peer-reviewed periodical in which a particular scholarly article of academic discipline is published. Academic journal serves as forum for the introduction and presentation for scrutiny of new research and the critique of existing research. Content typically takes the form of articles presenting original research, review articles, and book reviews. Academic journal applies to scholarly publications in all fields.

Reading a journal article will lead a reader/researcher to a number of other journal articles on closely related with topics and researcher /reader can mark the citations that he/she is interested in. Next time he/she can find those articles to continue his/her search/research.


Friday, September 14, 2012

Travelling & Broad Outlook


Travelling & Broad Outlook

Travelling means that one goes from one place to another place or from one country to another country. There is wise saying that home keeping youths have ever homely wits. It means that a man who passes his life in one place and never leaves his place to visit other places or countries, has a narrow outlook. Man wants to go outsides and view famous cities, lakes, mountains, seas, rivers etc as well as he wants to know different nations, manner, custom, and religion. He also travels to get relief from dullness of life. So people travel for pleasure and education & knowledge.

Travelling is an essential part of education. It increases our knowledge, gives practical sense of places, people, things as well as broadens our mind and outlook.  Travelling helps us to understand Creator’s creations. World is full of many wonderful things and creatures. Travelling/visiting of them (minimum some) will give us an idea of Creator’s creations. It will impress us with the grandeur, vastness, majesty and wonder of Creator’s creations.

Travelling fosters understanding and enhances relations between Nations. Thus travelling is a great factor in the establishment of world peace which is very imperative and essential in the present world. 



Sports and Recreation


Sports and Recreation

 All of us are fond of sports (more or less).Sports are considered as exercises and keep us physically fit. There are various types of exercise. Walking, swimming, racing, riding, rowing, wrestling , gymnastics etc. are good forms of exercise. Modern games, such as football, cricket, tennis, hockey etc. are types of healthy exercises/sports.

Sound mind is possible only in sound body. Value of sports is that they are an excellent media of recreations. Our daily routine works put a great strain on our energies. Sports give us fresh vigor and energy as well as make us forget of our anxieties and tensions.

Sports teach us coolness, courage and self control. Sports cultivate team sprit as a sense of comradeship/colleague/team work. Thus sports/exercises play an important role in giving us guidance and education. We should form a habit of partaking some kind of exercise on regularly. To live a happy life, we must build both our body and mind together through taking some exercises or sports.

Thursday, September 13, 2012

Audio -Visual Material (AVM)


Audio -Visual Material (AVM)

Audio-Visual is combined word of audio and visual. Audio (auditory channel to listen information) and visual (channel or media to read/view information) can include charts, graphs, tables, maps, models, samples, diagrams, drawings, photographs etc. It means CD (Compact Disc) or DVD (Digital Video Disc) or both CD & DVD as well as visual.

Audio-Visual Material (AVM) refers to works with both, audio or sound and a visual component or use of such works. Movies and televisions shows are good examples of audio visual presentations. Business presentations are also usually audio visual in nature.

Multimedia (simply means involving several media or channels of communication) is media and content that utilizes a combination of different content forms. Multimedia includes a combination of text, audio, images, animation, video, and interactivity content forms. Multimedia is usually recorded and played, displayed or accessed by information content processing devices, such as computerized and electronic devices.


Education through Audio -Visual Material (AVM) is an instruction where particular attention is paid to the audio and visual presentation of the material with the goal of improving comprehension and retention.

Audio visual technology is developed gradually in sophisticated way and its uses become more widespread in educational establishment, such as school, college, university, library etc.

Audio visual technology provides vast amount of information to students, teachers, researchers and information seekers.

Friday, September 7, 2012

Information Literacy Program (IL Program) and Library


Information Literacy Program (IL Program) and Library


Information Literacy Program (IL Program)

Information Literacy Program (IL Program) is means when and why a student/user needs information, where to find information and how to use information in an accurate and proper manner. Information literacy includes Library User Education (LUE), information skills training, education & development, or includes ‘Key Skills’ which are related to the use and management of information in area of higher education for learning, teaching and research.

IL Program & Library

Information Literacy (IL) is also defined and known by different names, such as:  Library Orientation, User Education, Bibliographic Instruction, Library user skills training and training etc. Library orientation concentrates on how to use Library’s holdings and resources (print and online & digital) for providing an easy access to the students/users to its reading materials and resources. Librarians/Information Professionals can help (formal/informal) students/users in developing/enhancing their use of library services and facilities.

Main purpose of Information Literacy is to enable students/users to seek information independently and use information appropriately.




Thursday, September 6, 2012

Reading a Book Technically



Reading a Book Technically 

Reading a book technically requires some specific techniques and skills which will speed up & boost reading as well as will save time & energy.

Technical reading method is an attempt to increase rates of reading and grasp comprehension about the book within the short period of time. Reading Book Technically Program includes different techniques which will have to use/read for technical reading of books, such as:

1) Jacket of the book
2) Title of the book
3) Qualities of writer/author
4) Preface of the book
5) Table of Content (TOC) of the book
6) Index of the book
7) Text of the book
8) Bibliographical Information of the book and
9) Specialist’s Advice plus comment

These are the basic/fundamental elements for reading a book technically. Videos, software, seminars will also help to read books faster to save reader’s time and energy.







Tuesday, August 28, 2012

How to Use Library

How to Use Library

Library and its employees help readers and users in locating and finding out readings materials/resources. Readers and users should be aware of the usage of these materials without much assistance in order to save times. This is only possible if readers/users are acquainted themselves with rules of library organization and management. The following will help readers/users find their way and resources easily and promptly in the library. A library has different sections, such as 1) Lending Section, 2) Processing/Technical Section, 3) Documentation Section, 4) Reference Section, 5) Purchase Section etc.

Books /reading materials stocked in the Lending Section are issued to members and users for fixed period time and are taken return from members. Materials are kept in the Reference Section for consultation in the library only. In the exceptional situation, they are allowed to be taken outside of the library. Reference Section of the library contains collections like reference materials such current periodicals, bound volumes of back periodicals, dictionary, encyclopedias, reports, yearbook, directories, abstracts, catalogs etc.

Book is assigned an identification number and kept on the right shelf. This number is marked on the spine and on a certain page inside the book. There are some numbers of tools/ways for classifying books. DDC (Dewey Decimal Classification) is the most widely used classifying tool. Under this tool, all human knowledge is divided into the following 10 major classes.

1) 000=Generalities
2) 100=Philosophy and its Related Disciplines
3) 200=Religion
4) 300=Social Science
5) 400= Language
6) 500=Pure Science
7) 600=Technology (Applied Science)
8) 700= Arts
9)  800=Literature (Bells-letters, satire)
10) 900= General Geography, History and Their Auxiliary Fields

Each major class is divided into 10 major disciplines or a group related to disciplines which are called subdivisions. Again a subdivision is divided into 10 classes. For more extension of class, decimal expansion is used.

Each library has a stock of books on different subjects. So it is necessary to make difference them in some way. This is performed by assigning each book a call number which is combined of the class number and book number. Book number consists of the first letter or two in the author last name and a number from the Cutter-Sanborn Table, arranged alphabetical order.

Readers /users have to consult catalos (Card Catalog or Online Catalog) to find out what a library has in stock. Each book can be searched and found by searching catalogs through author, title or subject. Applications of communication technologies in the library have made easy access to library materials/resources.

Monday, August 27, 2012

Digital Library

Digital Library

A Digital Library is a Library in which collection is stored and managed in digital format. Digital Library is contrary to Traditional Library (as opposed to keeping print books, journals, periodicals, company reports, magazines, monograph, maps, atlas etc in physically on shelf) and can be accessed by computers.


Digital Library contents can be stored locally and can be accessed remotely from anywhere of the world via computer network with internet. A Digital Library is one kind of information retrieval system and technique. Term Digital Library can be applied for a wide range of collections and organizations and that needs to be considered a Digital Library and its Online Collections will be accessible to community of user.


Academic Library and other type of Library are building Institutional Repository of the institution's print books, journals, maps, papers, theses, monographs, and other intellectual works which can be digitized and make accessible to the general public with rules, regulations and some restrictions. Accessing and using of a Digital Library and its online content are dependent on the steady and strong Information Technology Infrastructure, such as computer, communication links, power, etc.



Sunday, August 26, 2012

Library and Its Usage

Library and Its Usage

Library

Library is a collection of books and other reading resources (e.g. journal, film in cd/dvd format, periodical, magazine, monograph etc) on various subjects. Library means a house or buildings or some floors of a building where books and other reading resources are kept systematically and orderly on the shelf for using/reading by users or readers. Libraries are of 2 (two) kinds, namely 1) Private or Personal Library and 2) Public Library in sense of funding and maintenance. A Personal Library is an individual affair and is maintained by a person’s own fund/money for his/her own use. The collection of such Library is built according to his/her interest, taste and requirement. On the contrary, Public Library is funded and maintained by Government/Government body/Authorities and collection of this type Library is made according to their various requirements. Public Libraries are attached to educational institutions like School, College and University and these Libraries are financed & maintained by the Authority or donation and subscription.

There is also National Library such as Public Library in each country. Rare books are found in National Library. National Library has great value for researchers and it is managed and financed by Government.

Usage of Library

Library is essential for people who boast of culture. Great minds speak to us through books. A Library is capable to make us familiar with culture of all ages. It gives us easy and open entry to wisdom and knowledge of ages. Library is the “Life Center” of a nation. People come to Library for learning as well as mind’s relaxation.

Library helps to spread and foster of knowledge and culture in the society. Library is an indispensable part of human civilization. Progress and prosperity of a country can be judged by number of Libraries that the country owns and maintains. Library leads to intellectual progress of a Nation. 
 


Friday, August 24, 2012

Mobile/Cellular Phone and Its Applications

Mobile/Cellular Phone and Its Applications

Mobile Phone/Cellular Phone

Mobile phone or Cellular Phone (also known as cell phone) is rapidly becoming the superb device which can make telephone calls and receive telephone calls over the radio/wireless link through a cellular network.
Innovation and growth on the mobile phone are rapid. Now mobile’s processing power and storage are available in computers. Mobile phone has started functioning more than just a communication device. Mobile serves as alarm clock and calculator.

Applications/Usage of Mobile Phone

Mobile phone or Cellular Phone has multifaceted applications/functions/advantages which are given below.
1)    Making and receiving telephone calls ( for business, family and friends)
2)    Sending SMS text message & MMS
3)    Digital Camera (Capturing pictures)
4)    Audio Recorder (Can be used for recording conversations)
5)    Video Recorder (Can be used as video camera)
6)    Email Client Service ( Can be used to connect to any POP/IMAP Server for Email Service-receiving & sending Email)
7)    Web Client Service ( Can be used to browse websites via WAP/HTML)
8)    Gaming Platform ( Can be used as game playing device)
9)    Music Player (Can be used as music player like MP3)
10)    TV (Can be used as Television/TV over the network like EDGE)
11)    Wallet (Can be used wallet to pay for purchase bill like credit/debit card)
12)    Mobile Banking (Can be used for providing mobile banking service for cash depositing and withdrawing through text message/SMS)
13)    Tracking Geographical Location (Can be used to determine geographical location) etc.

All types of mobile /cell phones are not equipped with above mentioned applications/functions/advantages. There is also a possibility of risk on human central nervous system through producing radiation. The risk of such is applicable for both men and women.

Mobile phone or cell phone is being used for a variety of purposes including keeping in touch with family members and friends, conducting business, and having access to a telephone in the event of an emergency. Cell phone has made ease of our everyday life.



Computer and Its Usage


Computer and Its Usage

Computer

Computer is the new miracle of modern science. It is an instrument or a tool for executing mathematical operations by mechanical/ electrical means or combination of both. Computer also means the person one who computes. Computer has added new value and dimension in the development and for human society. It has several functions and it is able to perform mathematical functions, such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, comparison and so on. A computer executes three (3) functions, namely,

1) Input (Receiving data)
2) Process data (Processing data by computations) and
3) Output (Emitting data)

Computer can make thousands of calculations in a moment. It can store millions of data, facts and figures in its memory as well as can recall these in demand. 


Usage of Computer

Computer is a very useful apparatus. It is being used in both Government Offices, Departments and in Private Organizations & Firms. Computers are used in libraries, banks, offices, airlines, shops, medical, hospitals, research everywhere.


Computer is now being used in Printing Industry extensively. Any kind of printing (books, journals, periodicals, newspapers, pamphlets, monographs, booklets, brochures, newsletters etc) can be published within a short time with help of computers. In this way, computers help us to spread knowledge widely. Computer has also the negative sides/ destructive sides which depend on the users of computers. Negative application of computers needs to be given up for sake of human welfare.

Computer is very essential component of our everyday business/commerce work. In every step of commerce/business, we need assistance of the computers.

Thursday, August 23, 2012

Internet Marketing


Internet Marketing

Internet Marketing is an activity of doing business through internet including its components like PPC, SEO, Social Media (Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, My space etc.), Blogs, Forums, and many more.

Internet Marketing has radically changed the way of doing business/commerce and their marketing plan and strategy. Internet marketing rules are different from the traditional marketing rules and Internet marketing has many benefits over traditional marketing. Internet Marketing is influenced by the following strategy.

1) Advertizing
2) Promotion
3) Public Relations (PR)
4) Sales

Internet marketing is a multifaceted technique. It needs various methods to reach to customers, such as:

1) Websites
2) Blogs
3) Forums
4) Social Media
5) Podcast
6) Videos
7) Videos Blogs
8) Computers (Desktop/Laptop) etc.

Through these tools, Internet Marketers/Companies/Business Organizations/Organizations can reach to customers/targeted audiences and can make profits.

Online Business


Online Business
 
Online Business means EBusiness and it is defined as application of ICT (Information and Communication Technologies) in everyday business/commerce. Online Business helps to work closely with suppliers, vendors, customers and partners. Online Business is a way to sell , market and advertize of business/commerce goods and services. A website/site and computers are prerequisite for Online Business. 

Like Traditional Business, success of Online Business is related with customers and stakeholders. Online Business’s Customers come in the form of website/site visitors/viewers. Large amount of traffic will have the possibility to create the higher chance of visitors and become these visitors as customers. Registering option with search engine and keyword use will lead to the most traffic to website/site.

An Online Business has to comply with special Laws and Regulations. Before starting and operating a specific online business, one must follow basic rules and regulations for becoming a successful business owner/entrepreneur.



Wednesday, August 22, 2012

Email Marketing

Email Marketing

Email plays a vital role in everybody’s live including business and commerce. As an Ecommerce Tool/Online Marketing Tool, Email enables us to communicate with employees, suppliers, vendors, customers. So it’s important to use Email effectively and efficiently to market, advertize and promote business and commerce to stakeholders. 

A large number of people who have access to Internet are capable to reach to a greater number of people/customers using Email Marketing/Online Marketing. So email has been one of the means of communication tool. Email marketing is the action of sending emails to customers (both existing and prospective/potential) and receiving Emails/Email Orders from customers. Email Marketing works for Business and Commerce.







Cycling/Bicycling

Cycling/Bicycling

Cycling is called bicycling or biking and it is the use of bicycles for transports, recreations or for sports. Person who is engaged in cycling is Cyclist or Bicyclist

Benefits of Cycling

Cycling is an effective mode of transportation and it has abundant benefits in comparing to motor operated vehicle which are as follow:

1) Cycling is one of the easiest ways to exercise
2) Cycling has no fuel consumption
3) Cycling has no air pollution
4) Cycling has easier parking and has access to both road and path
5) Cycling reduces stress
6) Cycling eats up calories
 7) Cycling improves heart health
8) Cycling builds stamina
9) Cycling improves health coordination
10) Cycling increases muscle tone
11) Cycling improves cardio-vascular fitness etc.

Cycling Apparels& Wears

There are different types and brands of cycling cloths like as follows:
1) Cycling jerseys
2) Cycling shorts
3) Cycling shoes

Cycling/bicycling is the inexpensive mode of transport and it has various benefits to human beings as well as human society.


Library is Knowledge Center and It Needs Access to Online Resources


Library is as Knowledge Center and is Needed for Accessing Online Resources

Modern Library is treated as Knowledge Center of all kinds and  we know from where we can find information.
This is justified by the quotation:

Knowledge is of two kind:we know a subject ourselves, or we know where we can find information on it.

-Samuel Johnson

Internet is a computer-based worldwide information network.World Wide Web or WWW(W3) is a set programs and rules that fix how files are created and shown on the Internet.If we want to see information offered at a particular site,we can enter the site's address on the computer screen and be connected there.We can access certain Online Resources/Online Reference Resource Sources (such as Online Journal, Book, Magazine, Periodical,Serial, Case Study etc.).Some of these resources are free and to gain access to others, we have to subscribe and pay a fee for the cost of Online Resources/Services.

If we don't have a certain address in our mind, we can search by KEYWORD with the assistance of a search engine.


Search Engine is a type of software that uses our KEYWORD to compile lists of related Websites.There are many kinds of search engines available and they offer in some what different services.


Online Knowledge means- Know how to find our desired information on the web. We can use websites to find out more Online Resources on the Web about World for our own applications as we need.