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Tuesday, August 28, 2012

How to Use Library

How to Use Library

Library and its employees help readers and users in locating and finding out readings materials/resources. Readers and users should be aware of the usage of these materials without much assistance in order to save times. This is only possible if readers/users are acquainted themselves with rules of library organization and management. The following will help readers/users find their way and resources easily and promptly in the library. A library has different sections, such as 1) Lending Section, 2) Processing/Technical Section, 3) Documentation Section, 4) Reference Section, 5) Purchase Section etc.

Books /reading materials stocked in the Lending Section are issued to members and users for fixed period time and are taken return from members. Materials are kept in the Reference Section for consultation in the library only. In the exceptional situation, they are allowed to be taken outside of the library. Reference Section of the library contains collections like reference materials such current periodicals, bound volumes of back periodicals, dictionary, encyclopedias, reports, yearbook, directories, abstracts, catalogs etc.

Book is assigned an identification number and kept on the right shelf. This number is marked on the spine and on a certain page inside the book. There are some numbers of tools/ways for classifying books. DDC (Dewey Decimal Classification) is the most widely used classifying tool. Under this tool, all human knowledge is divided into the following 10 major classes.

1) 000=Generalities
2) 100=Philosophy and its Related Disciplines
3) 200=Religion
4) 300=Social Science
5) 400= Language
6) 500=Pure Science
7) 600=Technology (Applied Science)
8) 700= Arts
9)  800=Literature (Bells-letters, satire)
10) 900= General Geography, History and Their Auxiliary Fields

Each major class is divided into 10 major disciplines or a group related to disciplines which are called subdivisions. Again a subdivision is divided into 10 classes. For more extension of class, decimal expansion is used.

Each library has a stock of books on different subjects. So it is necessary to make difference them in some way. This is performed by assigning each book a call number which is combined of the class number and book number. Book number consists of the first letter or two in the author last name and a number from the Cutter-Sanborn Table, arranged alphabetical order.

Readers /users have to consult catalos (Card Catalog or Online Catalog) to find out what a library has in stock. Each book can be searched and found by searching catalogs through author, title or subject. Applications of communication technologies in the library have made easy access to library materials/resources.

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