Abstract (Summary of a Journal Article)
Abstract is a brief summary of a project (article/journal article/research article, thesis, review, research report, performance, service project, conference proceeding etc.) instead of full text paper/article that briefly describes the content and scope of project and identifies its (project’s) objective, methodology, finding, result and conclusion. Abstract appears at the beginning of a manuscript.
Abstract is quite brief summary and should have the following sections/parts. Each section is typically a single sentence and there is room for extension.
2) Statement of Problem/Research Issue
5) Results/Findings and
5) Conclusion and Recommendation